Periodontal disease (or gum disease) stems from excessive plaque that eventually leads to the formation of an opaque covering on the teeth. This opaque film is referred to as tartar. As the formation of tartar increases, it attracts and breeds more bacteria that then begin to attack the surrounding tissue and gums.
At this point, the gums disease is called ‘gingivitis’. If you do not seek medical advice and treatment for gingivitis, it can rapidly develop into what is called ‘periodontal disease’. Once the condition deteriorates, not only your gums but also the bone surrounding your teeth will begin to degenerate.
The problem with gingivitis is that apart from bleeding gums and bad breath, there are hardly any symptoms to indicate the onset of the gum disease. Consequently, because there is no pain or warning indications, you begin to lose teeth without being aware that you suffer from gum disease. Unexplained tooth loss is one of the first symptoms of periodontal disease.
Recent research has indicated that there might be a strong connection between gum disease and the occurrence of stroke, diabetes and heart disease. When your gums are threatened, your entire immune system can be weakened.
If nervousness and fear of dental surgeries have been preventing you from seeking the treatment that you need, ask your local dentist for assistance.