The side-effects of periodontal disease can often have far-reaching consequences. The most common result is the slow formation of enlarged pockets that develop between the tooth and the gums. The negative effects can include a distortion of appearance due to the unsightly large pockets in your mouth. Another possibility is that these large pockets are a potential festering spot for more bacteria and plaque.
Osseous surgery is designed to reduce the enlarged pockets and restore your gums and mouth to a healthy condition. Periodontal surgery is performed to clean out affected pockets and remove plaque. The better the dentist can see the actual damage, the better will be his treatment as he will focus on the gum areas that require attention.
It is after the removal of bacteria and plaque that large pockets can develop. The gums continue to contain the pockets but may return to their original position. It is impossible to clean out the pockets because the patient cannot access them with simply brushing and flossing.
Your dentist will wait for some weeks for the swelling following periodontal surgery to subside and then decide to suture the pockets to the bone. The primary objective is to plan a space comfortable enough to clean but not so big as to attract bacteria and plaque at a later stage.