Periodontitis is the advanced form of gingivitis. Gingivitis is caused by the excess accumulation of plaque and bacteria in the gums. The condition has a deep effect on your gums and they get stretched. After this, the gums start to develop large pockets that force the gum line to recede. Once the gum line recedes, it plays havoc with your mouth aesthetics and looks unsightly.
Also, as the gums recede, they tend to reveal a lot of tooth structure. In order to correct this abnormal stretch of the gums, dentists perform what is called gum grafting. The process involves using soft gum tissue from the roof of the mouth to graft the gums that have receded due to gingivitis. Gum grafting covers the exposed tooth structure and also promotes tissue regeneration around the affected gum area.
Gum grafting is a normal, routine surgical procedure and can be performed at your local clinic. The aftercare and healing time following a gum graft is also minimal.